Extended definition essay justice

It is often comprised of more than one sentenceand sometimes consists of a full paragraph. Extended Metaphor Examples in Prose Example 1: Currently I was in ring two hundred and ninety-nine, with elephants dancing and clowns cart wheeling and tigers leaping through rings of fire.

Extended definition essay justice

Concept[ edit ] The use of military threats as a means to deter international crises and war has been a central topic of international security research for at least years. Alternative theories however have challenged the rational deterrence theory and have focused on organizational theory and cognitive psychology.

The concept of deterrence can be defined as the use of threats by one party to convince another party to refrain from initiating some course of action.

In international security, a policy of deterrence generally refers to threats of military retaliation directed by the leaders of one state to the leaders of another in an attempt to prevent the other state from resorting to the threat of use of military force in pursuit of its foreign policy goals.

As outlined by Huth, [7] a policy of deterrence can fit into two broad categories being i preventing an armed attack against a state's own territory known as direct deterrence ; or ii preventing an armed attack against another state known as extended deterrence.

Situations of direct deterrence often occur when there is a territorial dispute between neighboring states in which major powers like the United States do not directly intervene. On the other hand, situations of extended deterrence often occur when a great power becomes involved.

It is the latter that has generated the majority of interest in academic literature. Building on these two broad categories, Huth goes on to outline that deterrence policies may be implemented in response to a pressing short-term threat known as immediate deterrence or as strategy to prevent a military conflict or short term threat from arising known as general deterrence.

A successful deterrence policy must be considered in not only military terms, but also in political terms. In military terms, deterrence success refers to preventing state leaders from issuing military threats and actions that escalate peacetime diplomatic and military cooperation into a crisis or militarized confrontation which threatens armed conflict and possibly war.

Extended definition essay justice

The prevention of crises of wars however is not the only aim of deterrence. In addition, defending states must be able to resist the political and military demands of a potential attacking nation. If armed conflict is avoided at the price of diplomatic concessions to the maximum demands of the potential attacking nation under the threat of war, then it cannot be claimed that deterrence has succeeded.

Furthermore, as Jentleson et al. In broad terms, a state wishing to implement a strategy of deterrence is most likely to succeed if the costs of non-compliance it can impose on, and the benefits of compliance it can offer to, another state are greater than the benefits of noncompliance and the costs of compliance.

Deterrence theory holds that nuclear weapons are intended to deter other states from attacking with their nuclear weapons, through the promise of retaliation and possibly mutually assured destruction MAD.

Nuclear deterrence can also be applied to an attack by conventional forces; for example, the doctrine of massive retaliation threatened to launch US nuclear weapons in response to Soviet attacks. A successful nuclear deterrent requires that a country preserve its ability to retaliate, either by responding before its own weapons are destroyed or by ensuring a second strike capability.

A nuclear deterrent is sometimes composed of a nuclear triadas in the case of the nuclear weapons owned by the United StatesRussiathe People's Republic of China and India.

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Other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Francehave only sea- and air-based nuclear weapons. Proportionality[ edit ] Jentleson et al.

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The more the defending state demands of another state, the higher that state's costs of compliance and the greater need for the defending state's strategy to increase the costs of noncompliance and the benefits of compliance.

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Extended Metaphor Definition. The term “extended metaphor” refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph, or lines in a vetconnexx.com is often comprised of more than one sentence, and sometimes consists of a full paragraph.

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Extended definition essay justice

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Sample toefl integrated essay kindergarten essay about. Transcript of An Extended Definition of Justice I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. It .

Proposal research paper outline criminal justice